Many people delight in reading a good book over the summer and families often take trips to the library or virtual trips to Amazon. But for some, reading is a chore or nearly impossible.
Dyslexia, also known as Developmental Reading Disorder (DRD), is a learning disability that starts with the brain, though it doesn’t at all mean that the affected person has lower intelligence. It’s simply the inability to process words properly and can involve auditory and oral issues as well as reading. A person with DRD might have trouble distinguishing letter and word sounds when someone is speaking, as well difficulty recognizing written words. DRD may sometimes be clustered with learning disabilities that inhibit writing and/or arithmetic skills.
If you’re concerned that your child may have dyslexia or another learning disability, speak with your pediatrician. She’ll ask questions about family history and the particular difficulties your child is having, and may schedule (or refer for) a neurological exam or other testing.
Treatment involves specific types of tutoring and coping skills, depending on the type and severity of the learning disability. The pediatrician or an educational psychologist can help you find the right program for your specific situation.
Learning disabilities often lead to boredom, behavior problems, and low self-esteem. The frustrations of not being able to read at grade level or perform schoolwork correctly and in a timely manner can be very stressful. For that reason you may want to arrange some counseling for your child as well. Psychological coping skills are just as important as educational coping skills.
For more information, this National Institutes of Health article is very helpful, and the source of much of the information in today’s blog.
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